The wounded forefoot – an evolutionary perspective
The evolution of the human foot transformed the primitive, terrestrial and arboreal form of the foot into the specialised foot adapted to the bipedal mode of locomotion. However, it is thought that this transformation is not perfect and may lead to some of the foot disorders found in anatomically modern humans. In addition, modern lifestyles and footwear may contribute to pedal dysfunction, which may also result in foot ulcers, particularly in the forefoot. A basic understanding of the evolution of the human foot may help explain the aetiology of some foot wounds, thus assisting in planning the management of those disorders.
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